How Filter Media Functions In a Filtration System

The Filter Guys

How Filter Media Functions. The job of the media is to capture particles and allow the fluid to flow through. For fluid to pass through, the media must have holes or channels to direct the fluid flow and allow it to pass. That’s why filter media is a porous mat of fibers that alters the fluid flow stream by causing fluid to twist, turn and accelerate during passage.

The fluid changes direction as it comes into contact with the media fibers, as illustrated above. As the fluid flows through the media, it changes direction continuously as it works its way through the maze of media fibers. As it works its way through the depths of the layers of fibers, the fluid becomes cleaner and cleaner. Generally, the thicker the media, the greater the dirt-holding capacity it has.

Looking at a cross-section view of the fibers:

we can see how the flow stream is accelerated as it flows into the spaces between the fibers.

This is applies to all liquid filters, be they oil, fuel, water of water glycol. For more information on filtration products and replacement elements please contact us for a chat. We’re here to help.